Microsoft Corporation is an American public multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to. The home page of Visual Studio Magazine online, the leading site for enterprise.NET developers.
Visual C++ - Wikipedia. Microsoft Visual C++ (often abbreviated as MSVC or VC++) is an integrated development environment (IDE) product from Microsoft for the C, C++, and C++/CLIprogramming languages. MSVC is proprietary software; it was originally a standalone product but later became a part of Visual Studio and made available in both trialware and freeware forms. It features tools for developing and debugging C++ code, especially code written for Windows API, Direct.
X and . NET Framework. Many applications require redistributable Visual C++ packages to function correctly.
These packages are often installed independently of applications, allowing multiple applications to make use of the package while only having to install it once. These Visual C++ redistributable and runtime packages are mostly installed for standard libraries that many applications use.
There was also a Microsoft Quick. C 2. 5 and a Microsoft Quick. C for Windows 1. 0. The Visual C++ compiler is still known as Microsoft C/C++ and as of the release of Visual C++ 2. Update 2, is on version 1. It was not K& R C.
C 2. 0 added large model support. C 3. 0 was the first version developed inside Microsoft. This version intended compatibility with K& R and the later ANSI standard. It was being used inside Microsoft (for Windows and Xenix development) in early 1. It shipped as a product in 1. C 4. 0 added optimizations and Code.
View, a source level debugger. C 5. 0 added loop optimizations and Huge Model (arrays bigger than 6. Microsoft Fortran and the first 3. C 5. 1 released in 1. OS/2 1. x. C 6. 0 released in 1. It added global flow analysis, a source browser, and a new debugger, and included an optional C++ front end.
Added built- in support for C++ and MFC (Microsoft Foundation Class Library) 1. It was Cfront 2. 1 compliant. Included the ability to build both DOS and Windows applications, an optimizing compiler, a source profiler, and the Windows 3.
SDK. It is the last, and arguably most popular, development platform for Microsoft Windows 3. It is available through Microsoft Developer Network. Strictly 3. 2- bit versions.
It was also available in a bundle called Visual C++ 1. Suite, which included Visual C++ 1. In many ways, this version was ahead of its time, since Windows 9.
As a result, this release was almost a . Microsoft included and updated Visual C++ 1. Visual C++ 1. 5. 2, and both 1. Control Development Kit (CDK) were included. Visual C++ 2. x also supported Win. It is available through Microsoft Developer Network.
There was a Visual C++ 2. RISC Edition for MIPS and Alpha processors, as well as a cross- platform edition for the Macintosh (6. Its then- novel tiled layout of non- overlapping panels . Visual C++ 4. 0 included MFC 4.
Windows 9. 5 and Windows NT. To allow support of legacy (Windows 3. DOS) projects, 4.
Visual C++ 1. 5. 2 installation CD. Updates available through subscription included Visual C++ 4.
Microsoft Game SDK (later released separately as the Direct. X SDK), and Visual C++ 4. Version number 3. Visual C++ 4. 0 and MFC 4. Visual C++ 6. 0 is still quite popular and often used to maintain legacy projects. There are, however, issues with this version under Windows XP, especially under the debugging mode (for example, the values of static variables do not display).
The debugging issues can be solved with a patch called the . The new user interface used many of the hot keys and conventions of Visual Basic, which accounted for some of its unpopularity among C++ developers. It was considered a patch to Visual C++ .
NET 2. 00. 2. Accordingly, the English language upgrade version of Visual Studio . NET 2. 00. 3 shipped for minimal cost to owners of the English- language version of Visual Studio .
NET 2. 00. 2. This was the last version to support Windows 9. NT 4. 0 as a target. Initially it replaced a development environment consisting of tools added onto Visual C++ 6. This version supports . NET 2. 0 and includes a new version of C++ targeted to the . NET framework (C++/CLI) with the purpose of replacing the previous version (Managed C++). Managed C++ for CLI is still available via compiler options, though.
It also introduced Open. MP. With Visual C++ 2. Microsoft also introduced Team Foundation Server. Visual C++ 8. 0 has problems compiling MFC App. Wizard projects that were created using Visual Studio 6. IDE if rewriting is not feasible.
Visual C++ 2. 00. Windows 9. 8 and Windows Me. This version supports . NET 3. 5. Managed C++ for CLI is still available via compiler options.
By default, all applications compiled against the Visual C++ 2. Runtimes (static and dynamic linking) will only work under Windows 2. SP1 version (1. 5. Microsoft Windows SDK for Windows 7. Visual C++ 2. 01. Visual C++ 1. 0. 0) was released on April 1.
It uses a SQL Server Compact database to store information about the source code, including Intelli. Sense information, for better Intelli.
Sense and code- completion support. The partial C++1. C++1. 1 also supports library features (e. TR1 components from std: :tr. Variadic templates were also considered, but delayed until some future version due to having a lower priority, which stemmed from the fact that . The RTM version (1.
Windows SDK for Windows 7 and . NET Framework 4 (Win. SDK v. 7. 1). It features improved C++1. Windows Runtime development. It features further C++1.
C9. 9 support, and introduces a REST SDK. Instead of C++, Microsoft recommends using C.
However, this can cause some problems when using different components (DLLs, EXEs) in the same program. A typical example is a program using different libraries. The user should use the same C Run- Time for all the program's components unless the implications are understood. Microsoft recommends using the multithreaded, dynamic link library (/MD or /MDd compiler option) to avoid possible problems. The later revisions of the standard, C9. C1. 1, were not supported at all. Visual C++ 2. 01.
C9. 9 support, though it is still not complete. It is not referring to the year in the name. A thorough list is available.
After some users contacted Microsoft about this problem, Microsoft said they would remove these telemetry calls when compiling with the future Visual Studio 2. Update 3. Retrieved 1. March 2. 01. 0. Retrieved 2. Ladd, Scott Robert (August 1, 1.
Visual C++ 4. 0 unleashed. Indianapolis: SAMS Publishing. Retrieved 2. 6 July 2. Archived from the original on April 2. Archived from the original on April 2.
Archived from the original on April 1. Archived from the original on April 2. Retrieved from http: //msdn. Douglas Boling : Programming Microsoft Windows CE . NET, Third Edition Microsoft Press; 3rd edition (June 2. Paperback: 1. 26. ISBN 9. 78- 0. 73.
Companion CD with Microsoft e. Mbedded Visual C++ 4. Service Pack 2^How to: Modify WINVER and . Retrieved March 1. Retrieved March 1. Lavavej: Everything you ever wanted to know about nullptr.
Microsoft Developer Network. Retrieved September 2. Microsoft Developer Network. Retrieved September 2. Lavavej (June 1. 9, 2. Microsoft Developer Network.
CVS, Sub. Version and Visual Fox. Pro. CVS, Sub. Version and Visual Fox. Proby Christof Wollenhaupt, Foxpert.
Overview. What's wrong with Visual Source. Safe? For many years version control in Visual. Fox. Pro and Visual Source. Safe were synonyms. Sessions and articles covering team.
Visual Source. Safe. Most commercial. alternatives were designed to be used in a bigger team, not in the small teams. Visual Fox. Pro. Moreover, Visual Source. Safe is a. Microsoft product.
As it is part of Visual Studio and because Microsoft made. Visual Source. Safe in some way. But does that mean that Visual Source. Safe. is the best choice? There's no doubt that using any version. Version control systems allow multiple. They allow for documenting every change.
Later you can retrieve files by label enabling you to restore. This feature is priceless if a. Nonetheless, Visual Source. Safe has got a. number of disadvantages, too. Visual Source. Safe is not a client/server. Because the Source.
Safe client directly accesses the VSS database. While this is only a.
VSS. database even across a DSL line. In addition you are deeply dependent on the. A single machine with a defective network. Microsoft released version 6. Visual. Source. Safe in 1.
VFP 6. 0. For the following almost eight years. Microsoft released three more Versions of Visual Fox.
Pro, many new operating. NET even a complete new development. However, for Visual Source. Safe they only released minor patches.
It does have a few new features for Visual Fox. Pro Users. With Visual Studio 2. Team System. Microsoft made it pretty clear what the future path for team development and. Since VS. NET is the main development tool at Microsoft. VSS for developers. Indeed, VSS 2. 00. The VS 2. 00. 3 developer and mostly Office developers.
Visual Studio. Once that happens, Visual. Fox. Pro remains the only product that would benefit from Visual Source. Safe. To access a VSS database via a VPN or any. The most popular one is Source. Off. Site. Even though this is. For one, the. increase in licensing costs is substantial. Source. Gear, the maker of Source.
Off. Site. also offers their own version control system named Source. Vault. This inevitably. Microsoft is reducing its support for Source. Safe. Finally, security becomes an increasing.
Even though you can grant permissions to users in VSS, this is all. As a file server based system, a user needs write access to. VSS database folder in order to check in any file. Hence, instead of. CVS and Sub. Version are open source.
Visual Source. Safe. Installing CVSCVS consists of two components: a server. Like in many open source projects there are several different. These tools share some parts, but. This document only covers the Windows version. You can. download the most recent version from the following web sites: CVSNTCVSNT is an implementation of CVS for.
Windows that was so successful that it has been ported over to UNIX. CVSNT is the. server component. As the name indicates, you need a server machine to install. CVSNT. The operating system doesn't have to be Windows Server, Windows XP works. When choosing the computer you should consider the following.
The operating system should be Windows. NT, Windows 2. 00. Windows XP Professional or Windows 2. Server. If you have more than one user, the file. NTFS. This is actually independent from CVSNT, because. FAT3. 2 file system is a serious security risk.
Easily to forget: The computer must be. TCP/IP for all developers. When accessing the server from. TCP. port 2. 40. 1 to the CVS server. As you expect from any Windows application. Launch cvsnt- 2. 0.
If you install CVSNT on your desktop machine, you are most. Therefore right click the application. On Windows 2. 00. Shift. key while you click the right mouse button.
On Windows NT you have to log on as. Administrator. Accept the license agreement and use the default settings in. CVSNT installs itself as a Windows service. For configuring the service, you.
CVSNT in the Control Panel. On a desktop machine, hold down. Shift key while right- clicking the icon in order to execute the.
Administrator. CVSNT actually consists of two. Normally, the default configuration is. To complete the installation you only have to create a repository.
A repository corresponds to a Visual. Source. Safe database. The repository contains all files and projects that the. CVS server manages. Normally you have a single repository for each server to.
You only need multiple repositories, if you not. Another. reason to maintain multiple repositories is when you need to hand over the. You create a new repository on the. Repositories page in the CVSNT configuration dialog. You are. prompted to pick a directory that is used to store the repository files: Please write down the value of. You will need it every time you access the repository.
Create. a new directory on your computer and pick it. After clicking on OK, CVS asks. Choose Yes. After that the repository is ready to use. With. the default settings CVSNT uses the Windows user management to validate access.
By granting or denying users access to the newly created. CVSNT server. To simplify your. CVS. Then assign the. If you are logged on as a regular user on. CVS, you have to grant yourself write access to the repository.
Aside from the repository, the CVS server. TEMP directory. By default, this is. C: \program Files\CVSNT\Temp. Regular users do not have write access to this. You either have to grant users in general, or the CVS.
Win. CVSCVSNT installs CVS. EXE. This is a command.
CVS server. If that's sufficiently comfortable for. However, most Windows and DOS developers don't feel. Norton. Commander or PC Tools made clear. For those developers Win. CVS is an excellent. You install CVSNT only on the server. Win. CVS. on the other hand, must be installed on every machine from which you want to.
Launch the setup program as Administrator, accept the. When Win. CVS completed its own setup, the. CVSNT setup. Even if you installed CVSNT on this machine. Win. CVS uses CVSNT to install the.
CVS Server. You can ignore. CVSNT. The first time you. Win. CVS you must do so as an administrator.
Win. CVS wants to create some. Otherwise Win. CVS will crash when you. Subsequently, you can run Win. CVS with your regular user account. Working with CVSIntroduction. Launch Win. CVS using the Start > Programs.
Win. CVS < Win. CVS menu item. You should see the main window: Developers that are used to Visual. Source. Safe often find CVS a bit strange. Win. CVS looks a lot like the VSS.
Explorer, but it works quite differently. This starts with accessing the. VSS is an integrated system. The Explorer contains all the code.
Win. CVS, however, sits on top of CVS. EXE. Every. action in Win. CVS results in a call to the external EXE. All parameters are. Win. CVS shows all output of CVS. EXE in the. lower pane.
The second difference is the so called. CVSROOT. This environment variable defines on which server you access which.
This setting isn't stored globally, but. More precisely, it's stored separately for every folder. You. need to know this when you change the server name. Adding a project to CVSJust like with Visual Source. Safe, in CVS. developers don't work in a common directory.
Every developer has his own local. CVS is called a sandbox. The. developers loads those modules into the sandbox on which he's currently. This process is called a check out, but doesn't have to do. VSS. Before you can check out a module from the.
This. process is called an import. In the following sections I'll use the. Tastrade project. When you import into a repository, CVS adds. During the process you. Therefore it's. recommended not to import directly from your development directory. Instead. copy the project into a new directory and delete all files that you don't want.
These are, for example, all data tables, FXP files. A further difference is the handling of binary. Contrary to VSS, CVS doesn't support exclusive check outs. In fact. everybody can edit every file anytime.
Upon checking in (in CVS called a commit). CVS analyses the differences and merges your changes into the master copy.
This. isn't a problem with text files, but it's impossible to do with binary files. VCX class libraries or SCX forms. This alone wouldn't be impossible to solve.
The. real problem is Visual Fox. Pro, though. A VCX library doesn't only contain. The compiled code changes every time a. If you are building the EXE, CVS considers all. VCXes to be changed. Therefore you can't simply get the current version from.
Instead you would have to reject the changes (get the clean. CVS). Before you do this you definitely need to know.
I wrote a tool named Two. Fox, because in. practice it's impossible to deal with binary VCXes. Two. Fox consists of two. Gen. XML and Gen. Code. Gen. XML takes a VFP project and produces XML. Gen. Code reverts these XML files into code files.
In this directory create a. Tools. Copy Gen. Code. APP and Gen. XML.
APP into that directory. Launch VFP and switch to the project directory. Gen. XML. then creates XML files for every binary file. Because Gen. XML basically uses the.
Visual Fox. Pro, the conversion doesn't take very long. Close VFP and open the project directory in Windows.
Explorer. Delete all files that you don't want to place under version control. In case of Tastrade. Data directory. Help\Tastrade.
These files are only. CVS. Menu\*. mpr. The project manager.
The Notes directory. Tastrade doesn't use. Tastrade. app. You can build this file. Tastrade. ini. This file is user specific.
If you have INI files that must contain. Tastrade. ini. txt, that contains all mandatory entries. By using Gen. XML you can also delete any. Gen. XML created an XML file. These are the class libraries, forms. Before you import a module, you have to log.
CVS server. From the menu choose Admin > Login. You'll get the. login dialog.
Upon the first time, the CVSROOT field is empty. This dialog looks like this: In the Protocol combobox select. As Repository path enter the name of the repository. This doesn't. have to be the physical directory name. In the CVSNT configuration dialog this.